Multiculturalism is the generic term for a series of philosophical theory of social action approaches with implications for the cultural policy of a country.
Multiculturalists advocate for the protection and recognition of cultural differences through the state.
The ethnic and cultural groups would, instead, exist separately.
Canada, England and Mauritius are examples of countries with a particularly far-reaching recognition of cultural differences.
There are basically two forms of multiculturalism:
The form of liberal multiculturalism assumes that legal, social and political discrimination contrary to the idea of multiculturalism and calls logically their elimination and the strict observance of civil and human rights. In addition to all cultural groups are supported to maintain their own cultural identity, which is seen as a prerequisite for the welfare of an individual. The representatives of liberal multiculturalism note, however, that a common political culture is the foundation of a functioning society.
The radical multiculturalism recognizes this part of a common political culture does not. The identity of cultural groups is existential. The exercise and the survival of cultures must be guaranteed. He urges broad political self-determination of those groups and the anchoring of group rights in society.