Multiculturalism


The history of mutliculturalism

In the United Kingdom

 

If you explore the British  history you will see that the internationalization began very early there.

 

In Britain their prevails a “mixed race Society”. It started already in the 17 and 18century with the Romans, Saxons, Vikings and Normans  armies and later Africans were brought to Britain as slaves or servants. Over the years, thousands of people have arrived in Britain as refugees from France, Ireland, Russia, and other countries, escaping from persecution or famine in their own countries.

 

Timeline: Immigration to Britain  

1100s

Merchants from Netherlands and settle

1500s

Queen Mary marries Philip of Spain     

     Dutch and      French Protestants settle

1600s

Asians brought to      England as Slaves

1700s

Refugees from the   French revolution (1789) arrive

First records of Chinese sailors in London

1800s

Jewish arrivals fleeing persecution in Poland, Ukraine and Belarus.

     Irish settlers escaping poverty during the famine in   Ireland.

Trade brings   Indian and  Chinese people to main ports

Jews flee to  UK from  Russia and  Poland

1900s

1914 - More than 250,000      Belgian refugees fled to the UK, escaping the   fighting of the First World War.

1930s - Refugees from      Nazi oppression arrive in the    UK

1940 - 1960 -      Polish people homeless because of the War, invited   to come to  UK

1948 - The boat Windrush brings 492   Jamaicans to the  UK – thousands more follow
  Immigration from Caribbean encouraged to help rebuild post-war      Britain

1950s and 60s - Settlers from other new Commonwealth nations arrive –   India, Pakistan and  Bangladesh


  1970s - East African, Asians and  Vietnamese arrive

1972 - Asians expelled from Uganda; 27000 admitted to UK

1980s - African community expands
  Refugees arrive from Eastern Europe – Romania and former Yugoslavia

1991 - Break up of the government of Somalia lead to 7,500 applications   being made to the  UK many of which are accepted.

1992 - 1997 - 2,500 Bosnians enter the UK as refugees following the break up of former  Yugoslavia

1999 - Renewed heavy fighting in Sri Lanka leads to 5,130 applications for asylum being made to the   UK.

 

 

 

There are British people whose parents first came to Britain in the 1950s and 1960s from the Caribbean, India, Pakistan, Hong Kong and other places. Their homes are mainly in the big English cities like London, Birmingham and Manchester.

 

About 8% of the population of Britain today are people from other cultures and ethnicities. That is 4.6 million people.

 

The Carribbean Culture is now a very big part of the British life today.

 

 

How many languages are spoke in London ?

 

The 40 most common languages spoken are:

Language

Approx   total

Language

Approx   total

English

608,500

Igbo   (Nigeria)

1,900

Bengali   & Silheti

40,400

French-based   Creoles

1,800

Panjabi

29,800

Tagalog   (Filipino

1,600

Gujerati

28,600

Kurdish

1,400

Hindi/Urdu  

26,000

Polish

1,500

Turkish

15,600

Swahili

1,000

Arabic

11,000

Lingala (Congo)

1,000

English-based   Creoles

10,700

Albanian

900

Yorubu   (Nigeria)

10,400

Luganda   (Uganda)

800

Somali

8,300

Ga (Ghana)

800

Cantonese

6,900

Tigrinya   (Sudan)

800

Greek

6,300

German

800

Akan   (Ashanti)

6,000

Japanese

800

Portuguese

6,000

Serbian/Croatian

700

French

5,600

Russian

700

Spanish

5,500

Hebrew

650

Tamil (Sri   Lanka)

3,700

Korean

550

Farsi   (Persian)

3,300

Pashto   (Afghanistan)

450

Italian

2,500

Amharic   (Ethiopia)

450

Vietnamese

2,400

Sinhala   (Sri Lanka)

450